Peanuts are from the legume family (not technically a nut!) and are related to beans, lentils, and soy. Cultivated for its grain product and its oil content. Peanut pods develop underground, differing from his legume relations.
- Cooking: Oil, Flour, Protein
- Medical benefits: Hearth health, Prevents diabetes, Prevents gallstones, Prevents cancer, Improves memory, Help fight depression, Beneficial in pregnancy
When can I eat it?
90 to 110 days after planting for boiling types (oil) and 130 to 150 days for roasting varieties.
Needs a lot of sun, and soil of pH 5.9 to 7. Very useful in crop rotation for their ability to fix nitrogen (they therefore don’t profit from nitrogen based fertilizer). Warm weather and not a lot of water are needed for good growth.
- Used as a snack in itself, peanut butter.
- Can be used for sauces, added to dishes, topping, in many desserts.
- 95% of Canadians eat peanuts or peanut butter, with an annual average consumption of 3 kilos.
High in fat (in between 44% and 56%), mainly good fat, and protein (22%-30% calories) – a good plant based protein substitute! Low in carbs. Vitamins/minerals: biotin, copper, niacin, folate, manganese, vitamin E, thiamin, phosphorous, magnesium. The peanut skin is rich in antioxidant (may reduce cancer and cardiovascular issues!).
Used to help fight malnutrition