Pleurotus ostreatus : The oyster mushroom is one of the few known carnivorous mushrooms. Its mycelia can kill and digest nematodes, which is believed to be a way in which the mushroom obtains nitrogen.
When can I pick it?
Only 10-14 days are needed for the spawn to grow a full web of root-like threads of mycelium and colonise the growing substrate
Fed by water and nutrients from the mycelium, these tiny pins then rapidly grow and develop into full size mushrooms in just 5-7 days.
A crop of mushrooms can be harvested three times before the mycelium becomes exhausted, with a new crop of mushrooms manifesting every 7-14 days during this time.
The oyster mushroom is best when picked young; as the mushroom ages, the flesh becomes tough and the flavor becomes acrid and unpleasant.
Oyster mushrooms are popular for cooking, torn up instead of sliced, especially in stir fry or sauté, because they are consistently thin, and so will cook more evenly than uncut mushrooms of other types, or in soups
They stay fresh for a couple of days. You can dehydrate them to store them for longer. They dehydrate rapidly. When used dry, they can be added to a dish without rehydration
You can make vegan burgers with oyster mushrooms and beans, chickpea flour, any veggies, bread brumbs, all blended and then cooked in a frying pan
It is frequently served on its own, in soups, stuffed, or in stir-fry recipes with soy sauce. Oyster mushrooms are sometimes made into a sauce, used in Asian cooking, which is similar to oyster sauce.
If you prepare a dish that requires a long cooking time, add these mushrooms at the last stage of cooking.
- Oyster mushrooms possess a wide range of nutritional and medicinal properties. Like most edible mushrooms, they are an excellent source of protein, carbohydrate and fiber, and contain low fat. Mineral composition of mushrooms vary according to species and substrates used
- Generally, Pleurotus spp. contain Ca, Mg, P, K, Fe, Na, Zn, Mn, and Se. They are also a source of vitamins B1 and B2, D, D3, D5 and A, thiamin, riboflavin, pyridoxine, and niacin
- They have antimicrobial and antiviral properties (Helps fight off E. coli, Staph, Candida overgrown, Streptococcus, and Enterococcus infection)
- They contain ribonucleases which could potentially degrade the genetic material of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- The antioxidant levels from its fruiting bodies are higher compared to other commercial mushrooms
- Antilipidemic and antihyperglycemic
- Can lower cholesterol
- It contains guanide that is used in antidiabetic medicines
- It may lower blood pressure, possess immunomodulatory activity and antiaging property
- Prevents Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline thanks to its content in niacin
- Has been proven to stop cancer cell growth
- It is a powerful anti-inflammatory, thus it can help with several diseases from rheumatoid arthritis to inflammatory bowel disease