General description

Antidesma bunius is a species of fruit tree in the Phyllanthaceae. It is native to Southeast Asia and northern Australia. Its common Philippine name and other names include bignay. The species is dioecious, with male and female flowers growing on separate trees. Each bunch of fruits ripens unevenly, so the fruits in a bunch are all different colors. The skin of the fruit has red juice, while the white pulp has colorless juice. The fruit contains a light-colored seed. The fruit has a sour taste similar to that of the cranberry when immature, and a tart but sweet taste when ripe. It is able to grow 15 to 30 meters high having trunk diameter of 20 to 85 cm.

How and when to pick?

Fruit is green which later on turns into yellow, pink, red or bluish to violet when fully ripened. It contains a hard kernel that is straw colored, compressed, oval, ridged or fluted and is about 6 to 8 mm by 4.5 to 5.5 mm. When they are red you can just pick them from the bush.


  • natural source of antioxidants
  • used in the treatment syphilis
  • natural cure for urinary tract infections
  • natural antidote for snake bites
  • helps you lose weight
  • keeps your blood pressure levels under control
  • good for your colon and liver
  • natural remedy for constipation
  • good for a healthier immune system
  • cure for diabetis
  • treats itching

Side effects:

  • Diarrhoea.
  • Acid Reflux.
  • Stomach Upset.
  • Vomiting.
  • Loss Of Appetite.
  • Heart Burn.

Bignay as a food

  • Ripe fruits are cooked or consumed fresh.
  • Green fruits are used to flavor fish soup dishes.
  • Fruits are made into preserves, jam and combined with other fruits for making jelly.
  • It is also used to produce soft drinks, syrup, brandy, liqueur and wine.
  • It is used in sauce for fish dishes.
  • The pulp is used in desserts such as bavarois, cakes and ice cream.
  • In Indonesia and the Philippines, young and tender leaves are consumed with rice.
  • In China, leafy shoots are used for making tea.
  • The fruits are used to make jams.
  • Leaves are used in salads.
Categories: Plants